UPDATED WHISTLEBLOWER LAWS WITH SIGNIFICANT NATIONAL SECURITY OR LAW ENFORCEMENT LOOPHOLES (12)

GAPThe list below does not cover restrictions on disclosures of classified information. The criteria are restrictions for disclosures of unclassified information by national security/law enforcement whistleblowers, or due process anti-retaliation rights that are weak or non-existent compared to the rest of the whistleblower law.

Canada PIDA (No provision to override Official Secrets Act)

India WPA, Ch. I.2 (armed services exempt); Ch. IV. 24098 (1) (national security/foreign policy exemption for cooperation with investigation of disclosures)

Ireland PIDA, Pt. IV.18 (public disclosure rights limited beyond classified information)

Jam. PDA (No provision to override Official Secrets Act)

Japan WPA, Art. 7 (secondary intra-agency controlled parallel system for national security and military personnel)

New Zealand PDA, Sec. 12 (May only make disclosures to the Inspector General of Intelligence and Security)

Norway Work Act, Introduction (excludes military aviation)

Peru WPA, Sec. 7 (protections do not apply to national defense or intelligence employees)

Slovakia WPA, Secs. 1(3), 21 Law does not apply to military or intelligence operations, or to classified information.

South Africa PDA (No provision to override Official Secrets Act)

United Kingdom PIDA (No provision to override Official Secrets Act)

United States, 5 USC 2302(a)(2)(C) (government employees); 10 USC 2409(f), 41 USC 4712(f) (government contractors)

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